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Show simple item record Eddy, C de Saxe, Christopher C Cebon, D 2018-08-22T08:38:54Z 2018-08-22T08:38:54Z 2018-08
dc.identifier.citation Eddy, C., de Saxe, C.C. and Cebon, D. 2018. Camera-based measurement of cyclist motion. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering: en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2041-2991
dc.identifier.issn 0954-4070
dc.description Due to copyright restrictions, the attached PDF file contains the pre-print version of the published item. For access to the published version, please consult the publisher's website. The definitive version of the work is published at: en_US
dc.description.abstract Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) are overrepresented in cyclist fatality statistics in the UK relative to their proportion of total traffic volume. In particular, the statistics highlight a problem for vehicles turning left across the path of a cyclist on their inside. In this paper we present a camera-based system to detect and track cyclists in the blind spot. The system uses boosted classifiers and geometric constraints to detect cyclist wheels, and Canny edge detection to locate the ground contact point. The locations of these points are mapped into physical coordinates using a calibration system based on the ground plane. A Kalman Filter is used to track and predict the future motion of the cyclist. Full-scale tests were conducted using a construction vehicle fitted with two cameras, and the results compared with measurements from an ultrasonic-sensor system. Errors were comparable to the ultrasonic system, with average error standard deviation of 4.3 cm when the cyclist was 1.5 m from the HGV, and 7.1 cm at a distance of 1 m. When results were compared to manually extracted cyclist position data, errors were less than 4 cm at separations of 1.5 m and 1 m. Compared to the ultrasonic system, the camera system requires simpler hardware and can easily differentiate cyclists from stationary or moving background objects such as parked cars or roadside furniture. However, the cameras suffer from reduced robustness and accuracy at close range, and cannot operate in low-light conditions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Camera-based measurement of cyclist motion en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;21240
dc.subject Active safety systems en_US
dc.subject Cyclist detection en_US
dc.subject Heavy goods vehicles en_US
dc.subject Computer vision en_US
dc.subject Object detection en_US
dc.title Camera-based measurement of cyclist motion en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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