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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/796

Title: Gradients of intertidal primary productivity around the coast of South Africa and their relationships with consumer biomass
Authors: Bustamante, RH
Branch, GM
Eekhout, S
Robertson, B
Zoutendyk, P
Schleyer, M
Dye, A
Hanekom, N
Keats, D
Jurd, M
McQuaid, C
Keywords: Intertidal epilithic microalgae
In situ production rates
Patella granularis
Consumer biomass
Communities
Nutrient gradients
Biogeochemistry
Issue Date: May-1995
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Citation: Bustamante, RH, et al. 1995. Gradients of intertidal primary productivity around the coast of South Africa and their relationships with consumer biomass. Oecologia, vol. 102(12), pp 189-201
Abstract: The structure of rocky intertidal communities may be influenced by large-scale patterns of productivity. This study examines the in situ rates of production by intertidal epilithic microalgae (chlorophyll a production per unit area per month), intertidal nutrient concentrations (nitrates, nitrites, phosphates and silicates), and standing stocks of different functional-form groups of macroalgae around the South African coast, and their relationships to consumer biomass. Clear gradients of in situ intertidal primary production and nutrient concentrations were recorded around the South African coast, values being highest on the west coast, intermediate on the south and lowest on the east coast. Primary production by intertidal epilithic microalgae was correlated with nutrient availability and could also be related to nearshore phytoplankton production. The dominance patterns of different functional forms of macroalgae changed around the coast, with foliose algae prevalent on the west coast and coralline algae on the east coast. However, overall macroalgal standing stocks did not reflect the productivity gradient, being equally high on the east and west coasts, and low in the south. Positive relationships existed between the average biomass of intertidal invertebrate consumers (grazers and filter-feeders) and intertidal productivity, although only the grazers were directly "connected" to in situ production by epilithic intertidal microalgae. The maximum body size of a widely distributed limpet, Patella granularis, was also positively correlated with level of in situ primary production. The maximal values of biomass attained by intertidal filter-feeders were not related to intertidal primary production, and were relatively constant around the coast.
Description: Copyright: 1995 Springer-Verlag
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/796
ISSN: 0029-8549
Appears in Collections:Environmental and resource economics
General science, engineering & technology

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