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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6356

Title: Synthesis, characterisation and electrochemical intercalation kinetics of nanostructured aluminium-doped Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 cathode material for lithium ion battery
Authors: Jafta, CJ
Ozoemena, KI
Mathe, MK
Roos, WD
Keywords: Nanostructured Al-doped
Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2
Pechini method
CS-AFM
Li-ion diffusion rate
Intercalation kinetics
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Jafta, C.J, Ozoemena, K.I, Mathe, M.K, and Roos, W.D. Synthesis, characterisation and electrochemical intercalation kinetics of nanostructured aluminium-doped Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 cathode material for lithium ion battery. Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 85, pp 411-422
Series/Report no.: Workflow;9818
Abstract: The electrochemistry and intercalation kinetics of nanostructured Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 (LMNC) and its aluminium-doped counterpart Li[Li0.2Mn0.52Ni0.13Co0.13Al0.02]O2 (LMNCA) are reported. FESEM and AFM images showed the LMNCA to be slightly higher in size (50–200 nm) than the LMNC (50–100 nm). Current-sensing AFM showed the LMNCA to be more conductive than the LMNC. XRD data showed the LMNCA to be more ordered and crystalline than the LMNC. The initial discharge capacity of the LMNCA is lower than that of the LMNC, but LMNCA shows a better stability with cycling and a better discharge capacity. The EIS results showed some variation in surface film resistance (Rf) and lithium intercalation/de-intercalation resistance (Rct) as a function of applied voltage. The enhanced conductivity of the LMNCA has been related to the higher amount of the Mn3+ cation in the lattice, aided by the increased c-lattice that enhances the diffusivity of Li during the electrochemical cycling. LMNCA showed enhanced diffusion coefficient and electron transfer rate constant compared to the LMNC. The study provides further opportunities for improvement in the electrochemical performance of the LMNC by optimizing the synthesis conditions.
Description: Copyright: 2012 Elsevier. This is an ABSTRACT ONLY. The definitive version is published in Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 85, pp 411-422.
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468612013643
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6356
ISSN: 0013-4686
Appears in Collections:General science, engineering & technology

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