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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/587

Title: Biogenic, biomass and biofuel sources of trace gases in southern Africa
Authors: Otter, LB
Marufu, L
Scholes, MC
Keywords: Biomass burning
Biogenic processes
Biofuel burning
Trace gases
South Africa
Issue Date: Mar-2001
Publisher: Bureau Scientific Publications
Citation: Otter, LB, Marufu, L and Scholes, MC. 2001. Biogenic, biomass and biofuel sources of trace gases in southern Africa. South African Journal of Science, vol. 97, 04 March, pp 131-138
Abstract: Biogenic processes in southern African savannas are estimated to produce 1.0 Tg NO yr(-1), 44.2-87.8 Tg C yr(-1) as non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and to consume 0.23 Tg CH4 yr(-1). Floodplains and wetlands in southern Africa are estimated to generate between 0.2 and 10 Tg CH4 yr(-1) (excluding the effects of aquatic vegetation on emissions). Biogenic emissions from the subcontinent's savannas constituted twice the amount of NO, and significantly exceeded the amount of NMHCs produced from biomass burning (0.55 Tg yr(-1) for NO and 0.49 Tg yr(-1) as NMHCs) as well as that of industrial emissions (1.75 Tg NO yr(-1) and 0.61 Tg y(-1) as NMHCs). Methane emissions from floodplains and wetlands could be more important than the combined effect of savanna burning (0.38 Tg yr(-1)), biofuel burning (0.24 Tg yr(-1)) and anthropogenic (2.59 Tg yr(-1)) emissions in the region. Biofuel combustion produces similar amounts of CO and NMHCs, half the amount of CO2 and CH4, and a quarter of the NO. That savanna burning does. Industrial emissions are shown to be important contributors to regional CO (5.6 Tg yr(-1)) and CO2 (360.0 Tg yr(-1)) emissions. These results indicate that biogenic, pyrogenic and anthropogenic sources all need to be considered in regional and national emission budgets, and as bases for the recommendation of policy and mitigation strategies within the region.
Description: Copyright: 2001 Bureau Scientific Publications
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/587
ISSN: 0038-2353
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
Environmental and resource economics
General science, engineering & technology

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