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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4184

Title: Phthalate ester plasticizers in freshwater systems of Venda, South Africa and potential health effects
Authors: Fatoki, OS
Bornman, M
Ravandhalala, L
Chimuka, L
Genthe, B
Adeniyi, A
Keywords: Capillary GC
Phthalates
Freshwaters
Potential carcinogens
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Publisher: Water Research Commission
Citation: Fatoki, OS, Bornman, M, Ravandhalala, L et al. 2010. Phthalate ester plasticizers in freshwater systems of Venda, South Africa and potential health effects. Water SA, Vol. 36(1), pp 117-125
Abstract: Phthalate ester plasticizers were determined in rivers and dams of the Venda region, South Africa. Liquid-liquid extraction, column chromatographic clean-up and capillary gas chromatography were the methods used for the quantitative analyses. Levels of phthalates in water samples from the rivers and dams ranged from 0.16 mg/ℓ to 10.17 mg/ℓ and varied between 0.02 mg/kg and 0.89 mg/kg in sediments. Generally, the highest concentrations of phthalates were found as DBP and DEHP, which is consistent with their common use in plastic materials and other industrial chemicals. The phthalate levels found in the water samples were much higher than the criterion of 3 μg/ℓ phthalates recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) for the protection of fish and other aquatic life, and higher than the Suggested No-Adverse Effect Levels (SNAEL) of 7.5 to 38.5 μg/ℓ for drinking water. The health risk-assessment studies on the phthalates found in the water systems suggested potential carcinogenic and other toxic effects they may pose to communities downstream which might be exposed either through drinking untreated water from the rivers, through dermal absorption or by using the freshwater sources to water their vegetable gardens. DEHP posed the highest risk potential of all the phthalates and the water use or exposure pathway that appeared to pose the highest potential health risk for carcinogenic as well as toxic effects was vegetable watering. The results for phthalates in the water samples give cause for environmental concern as people’s health downstream is at stake if rural populations use this water.
Description: Copyright: 2010 Water Research Commission
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4184
ISSN: 0378-4738
Appears in Collections:Sustainability science
Environmental management
Water resources and human health
General science, engineering & technology

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