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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2157

Title: Resilience of South African communal grazing lands after the removal of high grazing pressure
Authors: Harrison, YA
Shackleton, CM
Keywords: Communal grazing lands
Degraded lands
Rapid changes
Resilience
South Africa
Enviromental sciences
Issue Date: May-1999
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Citation: Harrison, YA and Shackleton, CM. 1999. Resilience of South African communal grazing lands after the removal of high grazing pressure. Land Degradation & Development, vol. 10(3), pp 225-239
Abstract: A paired site study was conducted of communally grazed eutrophic and dystrophic grasslands and adjacent ungrazed areas of varying periods of exclusion from communal grazing. This allowed determination of the rate and extent of change of a number of vegetation and soil variables following the removal of high and continuous grazing pressure characteristic of communal lands. Similarity indices for grass species composition between the grazed and adjacent ungrazed areas showed a significant exponential decrease with increasing time since protection from continuous grazing. Most change in grass species composition occurred within four to nine years of protection from communal grazing in eutrophic grasslands, and in six to nine years in dystrophic grasslands. In both grassland types palatability increased with time since protection. In eutrophic sites the abundance of perennials showed a significant increase with time since protection, while the abundance of annuals showed a concomitant decrease. This relationship was not evident in dystrophic grasslands. Grass species diversity, basal cover and density showed no relationship with time since protection in the eutrophic sites, but a general increase with time since protection was found in dystrophic sites. Soil bulk density, field capacity, pH and soil nutrients showed no evidence of a relationship with time since protection for either grassland type, while soil porosity increased significantly with time since protection at eutrophic sites, but not dystrophic sites. These relatively rapid changes following the removal of the high grazing pressure indicate that these systems are characterized by relatively high resilience.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2157
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2157
ISSN: 1085-3278
Appears in Collections:Environmental management
General science, engineering & technology

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