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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2051

Title: Cadmium in the Umtata River and the associated health impact of on rural communities who are primary users of water from the river
Authors: Fatoki, OS
Awofolu, OR
Genthe, B
Keywords: Cadmium
Umtata river
River water
CD levels
ZN levels
Cadmium health risks
Water resources
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Publisher: Water Research Commission
Citation: Fatoki, OS, Awofolu, OR and Genthe, B. 2004. Cadmium in the Umtata River and the associated health impact of on rural communities who are primary users of water from the river. Water SA, vol. 30(4), pp 507-513
Abstract: Trace levels of Cd were determined in Umata River which may affect human health. The levels of Zn were also determined since Zn can provide partial protection against the toxic effect of Cd in humans. The levels of Cd varied between trace and 0.007 mg/l while that of Zn ranged from trace to 0.019 mg/l. Generally, the levels of Cd and Zn found in the river were below the South African water quality guidelines for Cd and Zn, respectively. The hazard quotients for Cd in the river were calculated in order to show the potential health risks of cadmium to local primary users of water from river and the values within acceptable limits.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2051
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2051
ISSN: 0378-4738
Appears in Collections:Water resources and human health
General science, engineering & technology

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