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dc.contributor.author Von Schirnding, YER en_US
dc.contributor.author Strauss, N en_US
dc.contributor.author Robertson, P en_US
dc.contributor.author Kfir, R en_US
dc.contributor.author Fattal, B en_US
dc.contributor.author Mathee, A en_US
dc.contributor.author Franck, M en_US
dc.contributor.author Cabelli, VJ en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-03-14T06:45:29Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-07T10:09:38Z
dc.date.available 2007-03-14T06:45:29Z en_US
dc.date.available 2007-06-07T10:09:38Z
dc.date.issued 1993 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Von Schirnding, YER, et al. 1993. Bather morbidity from recreational exposure to sea-water. Water Science and Technology, vol. 27, March, pp 183-186 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0273-1223 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1885 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1885
dc.description.abstract Rapid urbanisation in the coastal areas of South Africa has led to increasing concern about the potential health effects on bathers resulting from exposure to contaminated seawater. Water quality criteria in South Africa are not epidemiologically derived; consequently a major programme has been launched to develop health-related criteria and policies pertaining to wastewater and storm water management in the coastal areas of South Africa. In the first phase of the project, an epidemiological-microbiological study was carried out at a moderately polluted beach and a relatively clean beach, in the Western Cape. Individuals present at the beach in family groups were interviewed and follow-up telephone interviews were conducted 3-4 days after the beach outing. Water quality indicators measured on the same day as the beach interviews revealed significantly higher levels of enterococci and faccal coliforms at the moderately polluted beach. Symptom rates for gastrointestinal, respiratory and skin effects were substantially higher among swimmers relative to non-swimmers at the polluted beach, although they did not reach statistical significance. en_US
dc.format.extent 192666 bytes en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd en_US
dc.rights Copyright: 1993 Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd en_US
dc.subject Marine pollution en_US
dc.subject Bather morbidity en_US
dc.subject Seawater en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.title Bather morbidity from recreational exposure to sea-water en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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