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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1598

Title: Biodegradable polymers by reactive blending trans-esterification of thermoplastic starch with poly (vinyl acetate) and poly (vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylate)
Authors: Vargha, V
Truter, P
Keywords: Biodegradable polymers
Thermoplastic starches
Reactive blending
Trans-esterifications
Poly (vinyl acetates)
Poly(vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylates)
Issue Date: Apr-2005
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Vargha, V and Truter, P. 2005. Biodegradable polymers by reactive blending trans-esterification of thermoplastic starch with poly (vinyl acetate) and poly (vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylate). European polymer journal, vol 41(4), pp 715-726
Abstract: Wheat starch was reacted with poly (vinyl acetate) and with poly (vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylate) in an internal mixer at 150 _C in the absence of catalyst, and in the presence of sodium carbonate, zinc-acetate and titanium (IV) but oxide. The resulted blends were pressed into film and characterized by H-1 NMR-C-13 NMR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), mechanical testing, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), and water absorption. Partial trans-esterification took place between wheat starch and the polymers. The blends appeared as homogenous, translucent films with one glass transition temperature range, between that of starch and of the polymer. The presence of wheat starch in the blends improved the mechanical strength of the polymers, although elongation at break severely decreased, which is disadvantageous for process ability. Zinc-acetate improved the tensile strength of the blends of starch with PVAC, while all catalysts resulted in an increase in strength of the blends of starch with poly (vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylate) compared to the strength of the blends without catalyst. Water absorption of wheat starch/copolymer blends was between 150% and 250%, higher than that of the blends with the homopolymer, which was between 100% and 150% after soaking in water. The onset temperature of thermal decomposition was between 290 and 300 _C for all the blends, although the presence of sodium carbonate resulted in a decrease in the onset temperature of thermal decomposition by about 60 _C.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1598
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1598
ISSN: 0014-3057
Appears in Collections:Polymers and bioceramics
General science, engineering & technology

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