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Browsing by Author "Scholes, RJ"

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  • Scholes, RJ; Frost, PGH; Tian, Y (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2004-03)
    Measurements of tree canopy architecture were made at six savanna sites on deep, sandy soils, along a gradient of increasing aridity. There was substantial variation in the leaf area estimated within each site, using the ...
  • Christie, SI; Scholes, RJ (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995-11)
    Carbon (C) is stored by plantation forests either when ecosystems with a low C density (such as tropical grasslands) are afforested or when timber is converted to semi permanent products. If the afforestation rate is ...
  • Archibald, S; Nickless, A; Govender, N; Scholes, RJ; Lehsten, V (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010-11)
    This study investigates inter-annual variability in burnt area in southern Africa and the extent to which climate is responsible for this variation. We compare data from long-term field sites across the region with remotely ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Noble, IR (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2001-11-02)
    The terrestrial biosphere currently absorbs about a quarter of the anthropogenic carbon emissions. Can this carbon sink help to mitigate climate change? In their Perspective, the authors argue that the world will not be ...
  • House, JI; Archer, S; Breshears, DD; Scholes, RJ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003-11)
    The article aims to identify approaches to improve our understanding of, and predictive capability for, mixed tree-grass systems. Elucidation of the interactions, dynamics and determinants, and identification of robust ...
  • Scholes, RJ (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003-12)
    The relationship between grass production and the quantity of trees in mixed tree-grass ecosystems (savannas) is convex for all or most of its range. In other words, the grass production declines more steeply per unit ...
  • Roux, JR; Nel, JL; Ashton, PJ; Deacon, AR; de Moor, FC; Hardwick, D; Hill, Liesl; Kleynhans, CJ; Maree, GA; Moolman, J; Scholes, RJ (Elsevier Science B.V, 2008-01)
    The process of designing protected areas to represent all ecosystems in an area adequately is becoming increasingly sophisticated. To date freshwater aquatic ecosystems have seldom been considered in this process. How much ...
  • Sankaran, M; Hanan, NP; Scholes, RJ; Ratnam, J; Augustine, DJ; Cade, BS; Gignoux, J; Higgins, SI; Le Roux, X; Ludwig, F; Ardo, J; Banyikwa, F; Bronn, A; Bucini, G; Caylor, KK; Coughenour, MB; Diouf, A; Ekaya, W; Feral, CJ; February, EC; Frost, PGH; Hiernaux, P; Hrabar, H; Metzger, KL; Prins, HHT; Ringrose, S; Sea, W; Tews, J; Worden, J; Zambatis, N (Nature Publishing Group, 2005-12-08)
    Savannas are globally important ecosystems of great significance to human economies. In these biomes, which are characterized by the co-dominance of trees and grasses, woody cover is a chief determinant of ecosystem ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Loreau, M; Oteng-Yeboah, A; Arroyo, MTK; Babin, D; Barbault, R; Donoghue, M; Gadgil, M; Häuser, C; Heip, C; Larigauderie, A; Ma, K; Mace, G; Mooney, HA; Perrings, C; Raven, P; Sarukhan, J; Schei, P; Watson, RT (Nature Publishing Group, 2006-07)
    Since the 1992 United Nations ‘Earth Summit’ conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, biodiversity has received increasing attention from scientists, governments and the public worldwide. There is growing recognition that the ...
  • Archibald, SA; Kirton, A; Van der Merwe, Martina R; Scholes, RJ; Williams, CA; Hanan, N (Copernicus Publications, 2009)
    Inter-annual variability in primary production and ecosystem respiration was explored using eddy-covariance data at a semi-arid savanna site in the Kruger Park, South Africa. New methods of extrapolating night-time respiration ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Van Breemen, N (Elsevier Science BV, 1997-09)
    Alteration of land use will continue to be the dominant driver of environmental change in the tropics for the next several decades. It can take the form of fundamental vegetation cover transformation, or of intensification ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Mennell, K (Wits University Press, 2008)
    As a conse quence of the rising number of elephants in protected areas in South Africa, the ecosystems that contain elephants and the people that live adjacent to elephant populations are perceived to be coming under ...
  • Nickless, A; Archibald, SA; Van der Merwe, Martina R; Scholes, RJ; Williams, CA; Hanan, N (2011-03)
    Annual estimates of gross primary production (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (Reco) were obtained for the Skukuza flux site, Kruger Park, South Africa, based on the eddy covariance flux data. A new method of extrapolating ...
  • Sjöström, M; Zhao, M; Archibald, S; Arneth, A; Cappelaere, B; Falk, U; De Grandcourt, A; Hanan, N; Kergoat, L; Kutsch, W; Merbold, L; Mougin, E; Nickless, A; Nouvellon, A; Scholes, RJ; Veenendaal, EM; Ardö, J (Elsevier, 2013-04)
    MOD17A2 provides operational gross primary production (GPP) data globally at 1 km spatial resolution and 8-day temporal resolution. MOD17A2 estimates GPP according to the light use efficiency (LUE) concept assuming a fixed ...
  • Falkowski, P; Scholes, RJ; Boyle, E; Canadell, J; Canfield, D; Elser, J; Gruber, N; Hibbard, K; Hogberg, P; Linder, S; Mackenzie, FT; Moore, B; Pedersen, T; Rosenthal, Y; Seitzinger, S; Smetacek, V; Steffen, W (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2000-10-13)
    Motivated by the rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 due to the human activities since the industrial revolution, several international scientific research programs have analyzed the role of individual components of the earth ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Van der Merwe, Martina R (Bureau Scientific Publications, 1996-05)
    South African greenhouse gas emissions contributed about 1.2% to the global increase in the greenhouse effect in 1988. South Africa generated trace gases with a radiation absorption potential over a 20-year period equivalent ...
  • Nickless, A; Ziehn, T; Rayner, PJ; Scholes, RJ; Engelbrecht, F (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2014-05)
    This is the second part of a two-part paper considering network design based on a Lagrangian stochastic particle dispersion model (LPDM), aimed at reducing the uncertainty of the flux estimates achievable for the region ...
  • Scholes, RJ; Pienaar, M (2012-10)
    Planning in the economic, population, energy, land and water domains can no longer occur in isolation. The challenge is to provide innovative ways to address the complexities of inter- and cross-sectoral planning. The ...
  • Walwyn, D; Scholes, RJ (Academy of Science South Africa, 2006-05)
    The increasing shift towards external contract research income (in contrast to grant income) as the primary means of funding public research institutions and universities has extracted a high toll on these institutions and ...
  • Korontzi, S; Justice, CO; Scholes, RJ (Elsevier Science Ltd., 2003-06)
    Biomass burning is an important ecosystem process in southern Africa, with significant implications for regional and. global atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles. In this paper, representative Land sat path-row ...