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dc.contributor.author Hobbs, Philip
dc.contributor.author Day, E
dc.contributor.author Rosewarne, P
dc.contributor.author Esterhuyse, S
dc.contributor.author Schulze, R
dc.contributor.author Day, J
dc.contributor.author Ewart-Smith, J
dc.contributor.author Kemp, M
dc.contributor.author Rivers-Moore, N
dc.contributor.author Coetzee, H
dc.contributor.author Hohne, D
dc.contributor.author Maherry, Ashton
dc.contributor.author Mosetsho, M
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-16T12:53:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-16T12:53:45Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Hobbs, P., Day, E., Rosewarne, P., et al. 2016. Water Resources. In Scholes, R., Lochner, P., Schreiner, G., Snyman-Van der Walt, L. and de Jager, M. (eds.). 2016. Shale Gas Development in the Central Karoo: A Scientific Assessment of the Opportunities and Risks. Pretoria: CSIR. Available at http://seasgd.csir.co.za/scientific-assessment-chapters/ en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-0-7988-5631-7
dc.identifier.uri http://seasgd.csir.co.za/scientific-assessment-chapters/
dc.identifier.uri http://seasgd.csir.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/SGD-Scientific-Assessment-Binder1_LOW-RES_INCL-ADDENDA_21Nov2016.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/9073
dc.description © 2016 , Authors en_US
dc.description.abstract Water availability/supply for shale gas development (SGD) in the assessment study area is severely constrained. Surface water availability is generally low, with large areas of non-perennial, episodic and ephemeral streams experiencing very high inter-annual variability (Subsection 5.2.3). The surface water resources in the study area are already stressed (and in many areas over-allocated) to meet the demand of existing users. Groundwater recharge is typically low and sporadic, and where groundwater does not already supply 100% of the demand, the development of groundwater resources to meet shortfalls in surface supplies is increasing, particularly during drought years (Subsection 5.2.3.1). The availability of potable groundwater resources in the study area to meet the additional demand of full SGD (beyond exploration) is seriously constrained. There is potential to develop non-potable (brackish or brack) groundwater resources for this purpose at a limited scale (Subsection 5.2.2.2). This, however, will need to take into account potential impacts associated with the transport and storage of this water, as well as potential impacts due to wellfield development. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher CSIR en_US
dc.subject Shale gas development en_US
dc.subject Water availability en_US
dc.subject Groundwater recharge en_US
dc.subject Groundwater resources en_US
dc.title Water resources (Chapter 5) en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US


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