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dc.contributor.author Swanepoel, H
dc.contributor.author De Beer, Morris
dc.contributor.author Liebenberg, L
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-08T14:45:28Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-08T14:45:28Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03
dc.identifier.citation Swanepoel, H., De Beer, M. and Liebenberg, L. 2012. Complete sulphate removal from neutralised acidic mine drainage with barium carbonate. Water Practice & Technology, vol. 7(1). en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1751-231X
dc.identifier.uri http://www.iwaponline.com/wpt/007/wpt0070003.htm
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6415
dc.description Copyright: 2012 IWA Publishing. This is an ABSTRACT ONLY. The definitive version is published in Journal of Water Practice & Technology, vol. 7(1). en_US
dc.description.abstract The most widespread method used for the treatment of acidic mine drainage (AMD) is neutralisation through the addition of lime to the effluent in order to raise the pH. As a result, dissolvedmetals precipitate as metal hydroxides while partial sulphate removal is achieved. However, further treatment is required in order to reduce the sulphate concentration to below 500 mg/l, which is the required concentration for discharge into waterways. The CSIR developed and patented the ABC (alkali-barium-calcium) Desalination process which uses barium salts to further reduce the sulphate concentration to acceptable levels with the added advantage that sulphate removal can be controlled due to the low solubility of BaSO4. This paper reports on the results of an investigation to demonstrate the performance of this sulphate removal reaction. Laboratory results that draw attention to the conditions required for BaSO4 precipitation are presented. A number of parameters, including temperature, initial sulphate concentration, barium-to-sulphate molar ratio and different BaCO3 sources were considered. The results were also tested and verified on industrial process water. The results clearly demonstrate that the reactor temperature, initial sulphate concentration, and molar ratio of barium to sulphate have a positive influence on sulphate removal. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher IWA Publishing en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;8914
dc.subject ABC Desalination en_US
dc.subject BaSO4 precipitation en_US
dc.subject Lime neutralisation en_US
dc.subject Sulphate removal en_US
dc.title Complete sulphate removal from neutralised acidic mine drainage with barium carbonate en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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