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dc.contributor.author Mooney, H
dc.contributor.author Larigauderie, A
dc.contributor.author Cesario, M
dc.contributor.author Elmquist, T
dc.contributor.author Hoegh-Guldberg, O
dc.contributor.author Lavorel, S
dc.contributor.author Mace, GM
dc.contributor.author Palmer, M
dc.contributor.author Scholes, R
dc.contributor.author Yahara, T
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-01T09:52:42Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-01T09:52:42Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08
dc.identifier.citation Mooney, H, Larigauderie, A, Cesario, M et al. 2009. Biodiversity, climate change, and ecosystem services. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol 1(1), pp 46-54 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1877-3435
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343509000086
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5358
dc.description Copyright: 2009 Elsevier. This is an ABSTRACT ONLY en_US
dc.description.abstract The capacity of ecosystems to deliver essential services to society is already under stress. The additional stresses imposed by climate change in the coming years will require extraordinary adaptation. We need to track the changing status of ecosystems, deepen our understanding of the biological underpinnings for ecosystem service delivery and develop new tools and techniques for maintaining and restoring resilient biological and social systems. We will be building on an ecosystem foundation that has been radically compromised during the past half century. Most rivers have been totally restructured, oceans have been severely altered and depleted, coral reefs are near the tipping point of disappearing as functional ecosystems, over half of the land surface is devoted to livestock and crop agriculture, with little consideration for the ecosystem services that are being lost as a consequence, some irrevocably so. We have already seen many regime shifts, or tipping points, due to human activity, even before the onset of measurable climate change impacts on ecosystems. Climate change, caused mainly by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, will disrupt our ecosystem base in new ways. Already we are seeing widespread signs of change. Species behaviors are altering and disrupting mutualisms of long standing. We are seeing extinctions within vulnerable habitats and conditions where migrations are necessary for survival but where often there are no pathways available for successful movement in the fragmented world of today. These challenges represent an extraordinary threat to society and a call for urgent attention by the scientific community. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow request;4866
dc.subject Ecosystems en_US
dc.subject Livestock en_US
dc.subject Crop agriculture en_US
dc.subject Greenhouse effect en_US
dc.subject Gas emmissions en_US
dc.subject Terrestrial systems en_US
dc.subject Fresh water systems en_US
dc.subject Marine systems en_US
dc.subject Societal responses en_US
dc.title Biodiversity, climate change, and ecosystem services en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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