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dc.contributor.author Smit, Jacoba E
dc.contributor.author Karsten, AE
dc.contributor.author Sparrow, RW
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-25T13:16:29Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-25T13:16:29Z
dc.date.issued 2011-07
dc.identifier.citation Smit, JE, Karsten, AE, and Sparrow, RW. 2011. Predicting human epidermal melanin concentrations for different skin tones. South African Institute of Physics 2011 conference, Pretoria, 13-15 July 2011, pp 1pp en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5114
dc.description South African Institute of Physics 2011 conference, Pretoria, 13-15 July 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract In the past 50 years lasers has found numerous applications in medicine. One of their advantages is their use for minimalistic or non-invasive diagnosis and treatment. Often that means light penetration through skin and the correct dose required relies on accurate information regarding the skin’s optical properties. Light absorption in the epidermal layer is a major factor in determining the laser light fluency that reaches the deeper skin levels. Darker skin has an epidermal melanin volume fraction about twice that of lighter skin. Due to melanin absorption, fewer lasers light reach the deeper skin layers in dark skin tones. Laser-tissue interaction modelling software can correct for this by adapting the dose applied to the skin. To correctly apply such software it is important to characterise the skin in terms of skin tone with an easy and reliable method. Measuring the melanin content of the skin is the best method, but it needs to be done non-invasively. However, access to samples of all skin types is often limited and skin-like phantoms are used instead. The objective of this study is to compare experimentally measured absorption features of liquid skin-like phantoms representing Skin Types I to VI with computational simulated skin from the Realistic Skin Model (RSM) part of the ASAP® software from Breault Research. Skin-like phantoms were prepared by adding Intralipid (20% fat emulsion) to samples of increasing melanin concentration at pH ~ 7. UV-VIS transmittance spectra of the samples were measured over the wavelength range 370 to 900 nm and compared to simulated results from ASAP using the same optical parameters. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;6870
dc.subject Human epidermal melanin en_US
dc.subject Skin en_US
dc.subject Intralipid en_US
dc.subject ASAP realistic skin model software en_US
dc.title Predicting human epidermal melanin concentrations for different skin tones en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US


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