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dc.contributor.author Hall, G
dc.contributor.author Woodborne, SM
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-20T11:15:22Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-20T11:15:22Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11
dc.identifier.citation Hall, G and Woodborne, SM. 2010. Ecosystem change during MIS4 and early MIS 3: Evidence from Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa. African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution: Palaeoecology of Africa Vol. 30, an International Yearbook of Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironments en
dc.identifier.issn 9780415587891
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4771
dc.description African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution: Palaeoecology of Africa Vol. 30, an International Yearbook of Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironments en
dc.description.abstract Several Middle Stone Age (MSA) site in southern Africa present evidence of environmental changes during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 4 and 3 between 70ka and 50ka. Of these, Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, has yielded a detailed record of how globalscale climate change events manifest locally. During MIS 4 (70ka to 60ka) conditions were similar to those during the Last Glacial Maximum. During the transition between MIS 4 and MIS 3 at around 60ka the Sibudu environment changed from a predominantly forested community to more open grass/woodland mosaic. Other MSA sites from across South Africa provide complementary palaeoenvironmental proxy data but imprecise dating presents a cross-correlation challenge. Archaeological sites on the western portion of South Africa appear to have been abandoned earlier and for longer than sites in the East, most likely as a result of adverse climatic conditions. Regional scale climate events in southern Africa are driven by ocean/atmosphere interactions, and at this time weakening of the palaeo-Agulhas Current and an eastward shift of the Agulhas Retroflection resulted in lower sea surface temperatures and a corresponding decrease in humidity and rainfall. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher CRC Press en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Chapter in a boook en
dc.subject Middle stone age en
dc.subject Palaeoenvironmental proxy data en
dc.subject Environmental change en
dc.subject Geomorphic landscape evolution en
dc.subject Palaeoenvironments en
dc.subject Geomorphology en
dc.subject Paleoecology en
dc.subject Paleontology en
dc.subject Earth science en
dc.title Ecosystem change during MIS4 and early MIS 3: Evidence from Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa en
dc.type Book chapter en


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