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dc.contributor.author Le Maitre, David C
dc.contributor.author Blignaut, JN
dc.contributor.author Clulow, A
dc.contributor.author Dzikiti, Sebinasi
dc.contributor.author Everson, CS
dc.contributor.author Gorgens, AHM
dc.contributor.author Gush, Mark B
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-23T09:56:37Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-23T09:56:37Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Le Maitre, D.C. et al. 2020. Impacts of plant invasions on terrestrial water flows in South Africa. Biological invasions in South Africa, pp. 431-456 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-3-030-32393-6
dc.identifier.isbn 978-3-030-32394-3
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32394-3
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-32394-3_15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/11423
dc.description The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This book is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source is given, a link to the Creative Commons licence provided, and indication if changes were made to be included. en_US
dc.description.abstract Considerable advances have been made since the first estimates of the impacts of invasive alien plants on water resources in the early 1990s. A large body of evidence shows that invasive alien plants can increase transpiration and evaporation losses and thus reduce river flows and mean annual runoff. Riparian invasions, and those in areas where groundwater is accessible, have 1.2–2 times the impact of invasions in dryland areas. The magnitude of the impacts is directly related to differences between the invading species and the dominant native species in size, rooting depth and leaf phenology. Information on the impacts has been successfully used to compare the water use of invasive plants and different land cover classes, to quantify the water resource benefits of control measures, and to prioritise areas for control operations. Nationally, the impacts of invasive alien plants on surface water runoff are estimated at 1.44–2.44 billion m(sup3) per year. The most affected primary catchments (>5% reduction in mean annual runoff) are located in the Western and Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal. If no remedial action is taken, reductions in surface water runoff could increase to 2.59–3.15 billion m(sup3) per year, about 50% higher than current reductions. This review illustrates the importance of measuring water-use over as wide a range of species as possible, and combining this with information from remote sensing to extrapolate the results to landscapes and catchments. These methods will soon provide much more robust estimates of water use by alien plants at appropriate spatial and temporal scales. The results of these studies can be used in water supply system studies to estimate the impacts on the assured yields. This information can also be used by catchment water resource managers to guide decision-makers when prioritising areas for clearing and rehabilitation, and for targeting species for control measures. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;23408
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;23454
dc.subject Invasive alien plants en_US
dc.subject Riparian invasions en_US
dc.subject Biological invasions en_US
dc.title Impacts of plant invasions on terrestrial water flows in South Africa en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US


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