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Show simple item record Songo, Morongwa M Moutloali, R Ray, Suprakas S 2019-08-26T07:31:39Z 2019-08-26T07:31:39Z 2019-01
dc.identifier.citation Songo, M.M., Moutloali, R., and Ray, S.S. 2019. Development of TiO2-Carbon Composite Acid Catalyst for Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural. Catalystis, Vol.9(2), 126. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2073-4344
dc.description Copyright: 2019 MDPI. This work is licensed and attributed by the Creative Commons. en_US
dc.description.abstract A TiO2-Carbon (TiO2C) composite was prepared using the microwave-assisted method and sulfonated using fuming sulfuric acid to produce a TiO2C solid acid catalyst. The prepared solid acid catalyst was characterised using scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Crystallinity analysis confirmed that TiO2C has an anatase structure, while analysis of its morphology showed a combination of spheres and particles with a diameter of 50 nm. The TiO2C solid acid catalyst was tested for use in the catalytic dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF). The effect of reaction time, reaction temperature, catalyst dosage, and solvent were investigated against the 5-HMF yield. The 5-HMF yield was found to be 90% under optimum conditions. The solid acid catalyst is very stable and can be reused for four catalytic cycles. Hence, the material has great potential for use in industrial applications and can be used for the direct conversion of fructose to 5-HMF because of its high activity and high reusability en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;22374
dc.subject TiO2C composite en_US
dc.subject Acid catalysts en_US
dc.subject Dehydration en_US
dc.subject Fructose en_US
dc.subject 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural en_US
dc.title Development of TiO2-Carbon Composite Acid Catalyst for Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural en_US

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