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Show simple item record Pfaff, MC Logston, RC Raemaekers, S.J.P.N. Hermes, JC Blamey, LK Cawthra, HC Colenbrander, DR Crawford, RJM Krug, Marjolaine J Van Niekerk, Lara 2019-08-26T07:21:52Z 2019-08-26T07:21:52Z 2019-08
dc.identifier.citation Pfaff, M.C. et al. 2019. A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management. Elementa-Science of the Anthropocene, vol. 32, pp. 1-49 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2325-1026
dc.description Copyright: 2019. Univ California Press. en_US
dc.description.abstract Over the past three decades, marine resource management has shifted conceptually from top-down sectoral approaches towards the more systems-oriented multi-stakeholder frameworks of integrated coastal management and ecosystem-based conservation. However, the successful implementation of such frameworks is commonly hindered by a lack of cross-disciplinary knowledge transfer, especially between natural and social sciences. This review represents a holistic synthesis of three decades of change in the oceanography, biology and human dimension of False Bay, South Africa. The productivity of marine life in this bay and its close vicinity to the steadily growing metropolis of Cape Town have led to its socio-economic significance throughout history. Considerable research has highlighted shifts driven by climate change, human population growth, serial overfishing, and coastal development. Upwelling-inducing winds have increased in the region, leading to cooling and likely to nutrient enrichment of the bay. Subsequently the distributions of key components of the marine ecosystem have shifted eastward, including kelp, rock lobsters, seabirds, pelagic fish, and several alien invasive species. Increasing sea level and exposure to storm surges contribute to coastal erosion of the sandy shorelines in the bay, causing losses in coastal infrastructure and posing risk to coastal developments. Since the 1980s, the human population of Cape Town has doubled, and with it pollution has amplified. Overfishing has led to drastic declines in the catches of numerous commercially and recreationally targeted fish, and illegal fishing is widespread. The tourism value of the bay contributes substantially to the country’s economy, and whale watching, shark-cage diving and water sports have become important sources of revenue. Compliance with fisheries and environmental regulations would benefit from a systems- oriented approach whereby coastal systems are managed holistically, embracing both social and ecological goals. In this context, we synthesize knowledge and provide recommendations for multidisciplinary research and monitoring to achieve a better balance between developmental and environmental agendas. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Univ California Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;22593
dc.subject Cape Town en_US
dc.subject Coastal system en_US
dc.subject Climate change en_US
dc.subject Ecosystem-based management en_US
dc.subject Human dimension en_US
dc.subject Integrated coastal management en_US
dc.subject Marine ecosystem en_US
dc.subject Review en_US
dc.title A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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