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dc.contributor.author Moeta, Pheeha J
dc.contributor.author Wesley-Smith, J
dc.contributor.author Maity, Arjun
dc.contributor.author Thwala, Melusi
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-30T07:12:25Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-30T07:12:25Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06
dc.identifier.citation Moeta, P.J., Wesley-Smith, J., Maity, A. et al. Nano-enabled products in South Africa and the assessment of environmental exposure potential for engineered nanomaterials. SN Appl. Sci. (2019) 1: 577. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-0584-3 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2523-3971
dc.identifier.issn 2523-3963
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42452-019-0584-3
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-0584-3
dc.identifier.uri https://rdcu.be/bMor2
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/11058
dc.description Copyright: 2019 Springer International Publishing. Due to copyright restrictions, the attached PDF file only contains the abstract version of the full-text item. For access to the full-text item, please consult the publisher's website. The definitive version of the work is published in SN Appl. Sci. (2019) 1: 577. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-0584-3. A free nonprint version of the published paper can be viewed at https://rdcu.be/bMor2 en_US
dc.description.abstract In order to address risks associated with nanotechnology, there needs to be improved understanding of potential sources of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) into the environment. Nano-enabled products (NEPs) are amongst such sources, and the current study identified NEPs sold in South Africa as a means of examining their potential to emit ENMs into the environment. Two hundred and sixty-four products were identified, mainly from the health and fitness category (66.7%), followed by electronics and computers (15.2%), home and garden (10.6%), appliances (3.8%), automotive (2.7%) and food and beverage category (1.1%). The chemical identity of ENMs was reported in 62.8% of those products with the top five most common being ENMs (in the descending order) Ti, C, Ag, Si and bisoctrizole. Determining the NEPs environmental exposure potential indicated that 63.6% exhibited high exposure potential comprising predominantly health and fitness, personal care, cosmetics and clothing products. The priority NEPs in terms of environmental exposure were sunscreens, hair relaxers, moisturising lotions, eye creams, cosmetic sera and socks. Assessed through analytical examination, NEPs were found to contain ENMs with length and width ranges of 15–350 and 8–185 nm, respectively. Our study suggests that most NEPs sold in South Africa pose a high potential for nanopollution, with water resources as the highest risk. Mandatory labelling of NEPs is recommended in order to better estimate the extent of nanopollution arising from usage of the NEPs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;22385
dc.subject Consumer products en_US
dc.subject Engineered nanomaterials en_US
dc.subject Environmental exposure en_US
dc.subject Nanodatabase en_US
dc.title Nano-enabled products in South Africa and the assessment of environmental exposure potential for engineered nanomaterials en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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