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dc.contributor.author Bollong, CA
dc.contributor.author Vogel, JC
dc.contributor.author Jacobson, L
dc.contributor.author Van der Westhuizen, WA
dc.contributor.author Sampson, CG
dc.date.accessioned 2007-07-05T07:40:59Z
dc.date.available 2007-07-05T07:40:59Z
dc.date.issued 1993-01
dc.identifier.citation Bollong, CA, et al. 1993. Direct dating and identity of fiber temper in pre-contact Bushman (Masarwa) pottery. Journal of Archaelogical Science, vol. 20(1), pp 41-55 en
dc.identifier.issn 0305-4403
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/980
dc.description Copyright: 1993 Academic Press Limited en
dc.description.abstract Several 14C dates have been obtained from the fibre temper in cooking bowls made by the forbears of the Zeekoe River Bushmen (Basarwa), South Africa. Although the temper appears to be burned grass, the Q (13) C values do not match those of local C4 grasses or even those for the montane C3 grasses from adjacent ranges. Instead, the Q (13) C values are typical for local springbok bone. XRF analysis of whole sherds show unusually high Ca and P values which support the proposition that crushed bone was added to the grass. However, SEM and other chemical studies distinguish clearly between bone-tempered sherds and the Zeekoe valley ware. While the source of Ca is identified as caliche inclusions in the temper, the high P values may be from select clays, ashed grass, or absorbed blood. Visual characteristics rule out the possibility of animal dung temper. Blood and fat residues absorbed by grass temper could be the combined cause of anomalous Q (13) C and high P values. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Academic Press Limited en
dc.subject X-ray fluoroscence en
dc.subject Carbon isotopes en
dc.subject Fiber temper en
dc.subject Scanning electron microscopy en
dc.title Direct dating and identity of fiber temper in pre-contact Bushman (Masarwa) pottery en
dc.type Article en


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