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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/980

Title: Direct dating and identity of fiber temper in pre-contact Bushman (Masarwa) pottery
Authors: Bollong, CA
Vogel, JC
Jacobson, L
Van der Westhuizen, WA
Sampson, CG
Keywords: X-ray fluoroscence
Carbon isotopes
Fiber temper
Scanning electron microscopy
Issue Date: Jan-1993
Publisher: Academic Press Limited
Citation: Bollong, CA, et al. 1993. Direct dating and identity of fiber temper in pre-contact Bushman (Masarwa) pottery. Journal of Archaelogical Science, vol. 20(1), pp 41-55
Abstract: Several 14C dates have been obtained from the fibre temper in cooking bowls made by the forbears of the Zeekoe River Bushmen (Basarwa), South Africa. Although the temper appears to be burned grass, the Q (13) C values do not match those of local C4 grasses or even those for the montane C3 grasses from adjacent ranges. Instead, the Q (13) C values are typical for local springbok bone. XRF analysis of whole sherds show unusually high Ca and P values which support the proposition that crushed bone was added to the grass. However, SEM and other chemical studies distinguish clearly between bone-tempered sherds and the Zeekoe valley ware. While the source of Ca is identified as caliche inclusions in the temper, the high P values may be from select clays, ashed grass, or absorbed blood. Visual characteristics rule out the possibility of animal dung temper. Blood and fat residues absorbed by grass temper could be the combined cause of anomalous Q (13) C and high P values.
Description: Copyright: 1993 Academic Press Limited
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/980
ISSN: 0305-4403
Appears in Collections:General science, engineering & technology

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