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Further studies on South African plants: Acaricidal activity of organic plant extracts against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)

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dc.contributor.author Wellington, Kevin W
dc.contributor.author Leboho, T
dc.contributor.author Sakong, BM
dc.contributor.author Adenubi, OT
dc.contributor.author Eloff, JN
dc.contributor.author Fouché, Gerda
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-06T09:15:26Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-06T09:15:26Z
dc.date.issued 2017-01
dc.identifier.citation Wellington, K.W., Leboho, T., Sakong, B.M. et al. 2017. Further studies on South African plants: Acaricidal activity of organic plant extracts against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 234: 10-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.12.014 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4017
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.12.014
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304401716305167
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/9541
dc.description Copyright: 2016 Elsevier. Due to copyright restrictions, the attached PDF file only contains the abstract of the full text item. For access to the full text item, kindly consult the publisher's website. en_US
dc.description.abstract The goal of our research is to develop a lower cost eco-friendly tick control method because acaricides that are commonly used to control ticks are often toxic, harmful to the environment or too expensive for resource-limited farmers. Acetone and ethanol extracts were prepared and their acaricidal activities determined against the southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. A 1% solution of each of the plant extracts was prepared for efficacy testing using the adapted Shaw Larval Immersion Test (SLIT). The acetone stem extract from Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) and the ethanol leaf and flower extract from Calpurnia aurea (Fabaceae) had potent activity like that of the commercial acaricide, chlorfenvinphos [corrected mortality (CM) = 100.0%]. The ethanol extracts of the stem of C. quadrangularis (CM = 98.9%) and that of the roots, leaves and fruit of Senna italica subsp arachoides (CM = 96.7%) also had good acaricidal activity. There is potential for the development of botanicals as natural acaricides against R. (B.) microplus that can be used commercially to protect animals against tick infestation. Further studies to isolate the acaricidal active compounds and to determine the environmental fate, species toxicity and skin toxicity of these plants species are, however, required before they can be considered as a treatment against ticks en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;18676
dc.subject Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus en_US
dc.subject SLIT bioassay en_US
dc.subject Acetone en_US
dc.subject Ethano en_US
dc.subject Plant extract en_US
dc.subject Acaricidal activity en_US
dc.title Further studies on South African plants: Acaricidal activity of organic plant extracts against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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