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dc.contributor.author McGuigan, KG
dc.contributor.author Conroy, RM
dc.contributor.author Mosler, H-J
dc.contributor.author Du Preez, M
dc.contributor.author Ubomba-Jaswa, Eunice
dc.contributor.author Fernandez-Ibanez, P
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-22T06:36:43Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-22T06:36:43Z
dc.date.issued 2012-10
dc.identifier.citation McGuigan, K.G, Conroy, R.M, Mosler, H-J, Du Preez, M, Ubomba-Jaswa, E and Fernandez-Ibanez, P. Solar water disinfection (SODIS): A review from bench-top to roof-top. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 235-236, pp 29-46 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0304-3894
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389412007960
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6355
dc.description Copyright: 2012 Elsevier. This is an ABSTRACT ONLY. The definitive version is published in the Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 235-236, pp 29-46 en_US
dc.description.abstract Solar water disinfection (SODIS) has been known for more than 30 years. The technique consists of placing water into transparent plastic or glass containers (normally 2 L PET beverage bottles) which are then exposed to the sun. Exposure times vary from 6 to 48 h depending on the intensity of sunlight and sensitivity of the pathogens. Its germicidal effect is based on the combined effect of thermal heating of solar light and UV radiation. It has been repeatedly shown to be effective for eliminating microbial pathogens and reduce diarrhoeal morbidity including cholera. Since 1980 much research has been carried out to investigate the mechanisms of solar radiation induced cell death in water and possible enhancement technologies to make it faster and safer. Since SODIS is simple to use and inexpensive, the method has spread throughout the developing world and is in daily use in more than 50 countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. More than 5 million people disinfect their drinking water with the solar disinfection (SODIS) technique. This review attempts to revise all relevant knowledge about solar disinfection from microbiological issues, laboratory research, solar testing, up to and including real application studies, limitations, factors influencing adoption of the technique and health impact. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;9754
dc.subject Solar disinfection en_US
dc.subject Solar water disinfection en_US
dc.subject SODIS en_US
dc.subject Drinking water en_US
dc.subject Waterborne disease en_US
dc.subject Water disinfection en_US
dc.title Solar water disinfection (SODIS): A review from bench-top to roof-top en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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