DSpace
 

Researchspace >
General science, engineering & technology >
General science, engineering & technology >
General science, engineering & technology >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6327

Title: Biofuels in Africa: Impacts on ecosystem services, biodiversity and human well-being
Authors: Gasparatos, A
Lee, LY
Von Maltitz, GP
Mathai, MV
Puppim de Oliveira, JA
Willis, KJ
Keywords: Biofuel drivers
Feedstocks
Modes of production
Jatropha biodiesel
Ecosystem services
Biofuels
Climate change
Erosion regulation
Policies
Fuel
Cultural services
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies
Citation: Gasparatos, A, Lee, LY, Von Maltitz, GP, Mathai, MV, Puppim de Oliveira, JA and Willis, KJ. 2012. Biofuels in Africa: Impacts on ecosystem services, biodiversity and human well-being. United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies. Yokohama, Japan.
Series/Report no.: Workflow;9680
Abstract: Biofuels are a type of fuels derived from solid biomass through different chemical and biological processes. Currently, liquid biofuels (e.g. bioethanol and biodiesel) produced from edible plants or animal fats are by far the most popular biofuel types for transport purposes in the US, Brazil, EU, China and India. Global biofuel production has increased more than fivefold in the last decade and is expected to double by 2020, mainly through expansion in developing regions such as Brazil, China, India and Sub-Saharan Africa. Since the mid-2000s, there has been a growing interest in biofuel production and use across Africa. This has been due to policy priorities related to energy security and economic development. For example, high petroleum prices, fuel insecurity (particularly in the interior of the continent), foreign exchange savings and the potential for economic and rural development have all influenced, in varied degrees, countries across Africa to consider biofuel production. In contrast to some developed countries, environmental concerns such as the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and the improvement of ambient air quality do not seem to have been a direct driver of biofuel expansion in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, despite the recent interest from investors, several African counties were lacking appropriate policies for promoting and regulating biofuel expansion. Jatropha (for biodiesel), sugarcane (for ethanol) and molasses (for ethanol) have been the biofuel feedstocks that have attracted the most interest across Africa, dominating proposed biofuel investments in the continent. Other feedstocks such as cassava, palm oil, sweet sorghum, tropical sugarbeets, canola oil and sunflower oil have been identified as promising but, to date, their contribution has been much lower.
Description: Copyright: United Nations University, University of Oxford, and Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) South Africa
URI: http://www.ias.unu.edu/resource_centre/Biofuels_in_Africa.pdf
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/6327
ISBN: 978-92-808-4537-2
978-92-808-4536-5
Appears in Collections:Resource-based sustainable development
Environmental management
Sustainable energy futures
Climate change
Ecosystems processes & dynamics
General science, engineering & technology

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Gasparatos_2012.pdf2.18 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback