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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5990

Title: History of endeavours to mitigate the rockburst risk in South African mines
Authors: Durrheim, RJ
Riemer, KL
Keywords: South African mines
Rockburst risks
South African mining
South African mining history
Mining-induced seismicity
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Citation: Durrheim, RJ and Riemer, KL. History of endeavours to mitigate the rockburst risk in South African mines. International Mining History Congress, Johannesburg, South Africa, 17-20 April 2012
Series/Report no.: Workflow;9040
Abstract: Gold was discovered near present-day Johannesburg in 1886. Mining-induced seismicity was first encountered in the early 1900s when extensive stopes reached depths of several hundred meters. The State appointed committees in 1908, 1915, 1924, 1964 and 2005 to investigate the cause of the tremors and to recommend mitigating measures. The 1908 Committee recommended that seismographs be installed and scientific observations began in 1910. The main mitigating strategies that were developed were: (i) mining layouts and regional support systems (e.g. strike and dip pillar systems, backfill) that controlled the release of seismic energy through the geometry and sequence of mining; (ii) local support units and systems (e.g. rapid-yielding hydraulic props, pre-stressed elongates, yielding tendons) that limited rockburst damage; and (iii) seismic monitoring technology that continually assesses the hazard and the effectiveness of measures to control seismic activity (e.g. through the rate of mining). Implementation of these technologies, together with improvements in training, work organization and regulation, have reduced fatality rates and made it possible to mine successfully at depths of 4 kilometers.
Description: International Mining History Congress, Johannesburg, South Africa, 17-20 April 2012.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5990
Appears in Collections:Mining and geoscience
General science, engineering & technology

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