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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/581

Title: Risk factors for HIV infection among women in Carletonville, South Africa: migration, clemography and sexually transmitted diseases
Authors: Zuma, K
Gouws, E
Williams, B
Lurie, M
Keywords: HIV/AIDS
Migration
South Africa
Sexual behaviour
Women
Issue Date: Dec-2003
Publisher: Royal Soc Medicine Press Ltd
Citation: Zuma, K, et al. 2003. Risk factors for HIV infection among women in Carletonville, South Africa: migration, clemography and sexually transmitted diseases. International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 14(12), pp 814-817
Abstract: The authors investigate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, HIV infection among women in an urban South African setting. A random sample of 834 women was recruited into a community-based cross-sectional study. HIV prevalence was 37.1% with higher prevalence among migrant women (46.0%) than non-migrant women (34.7%), (odds ratio [OR] =1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-2.31). The highest HIV prevalence (50.9%) was between ages 26 and 35 years. Having two or more lifetime partners increased the risk of HIV infection (OR=4.88, 95% CI: 3.01-7.89). Migration, age, marital status, alcohol use, syphilis and gonorrhoea were independently associated with HIV infection. Migration increases the risk of HIV infection. Provision of services to treat sexually transmitted diseases and educational empowerment programmes that will promote safer sex among migrant women are urgently needed.
Description: Copyright: 2003 Royal Soc Medicine Press Ltd
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/581
ISSN: 0956-4624
Appears in Collections:Coastal and marine systems
General science, engineering & technology
General research interest

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