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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5607

Title: Sustainable use of oil sands for geotechnical construction and road building
Authors: Anochie-Boateng, J
Tutumluer, E
Keywords: Oil sands
Bituminous materials
Shear strength
Permanent deformation
Pavement structure
Sustainable construction
Road building
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Publisher: ASTM
Citation: Anochie-Boateng, J and Tutumluer, E. 2012. Sustainable use of oil sands for geotechnical construction and road building. Journal of ASTM International (JAI), vol. 9(2)
Series/Report no.: Workflow;8240
Abstract: Oil sands are natural deposits of bituminous sand materials that are mined and processed for crude oil. They are routinely used in oil sand fields for building temporary and sometimes permanent roads serving mining and hauling activities. Although the principal application of these materials for road building has been in the unbound layers of the pavement structure, the full benefits of oil sands, particularly, their sustainability and environmental friendliness are yet to be realized. In their natural state, oil sands have similarities to cold mix asphalt mixtures which are often comprised of uniformly graded fine to medium sands and used for pavement repair and patching applications. Yet, they may exhibit complex stress dependent characteristics and viscoelastic and plastic behavior under dynamic loading of mining and off-road construction equipment. This paper presents findings from a comprehensive laboratory research program conducted on three types of oil sand materials with the main goal to characterize their engineering behavior. The research efforts focused on establishing a suite of tests to determine strength, modulus and deformation characteristics under realistic traffic loading and climatic conditions. The developed suite of tests established essential trends in oil sand behavior for developing laboratory guidelines and test protocols and typical material characterization models for their sustainable use in geotechnical and road building applications.
Description: Copyright: 2012 ASTM. This is the post-print version of the work. The definitive version is published in the Journal of ASTM International (JAI), vol. 9(2)
URI: http://www.astm.org/DIGITAL_LIBRARY/JOURNALS/JAI/PAGES/JAI103651.htm
ISSN: 1546-962X
Appears in Collections:Sustainability science
Environmental management
Sustainable energy futures
Mining and geoscience
Infrastructure engineering
Accessibility research
General science, engineering & technology
Earth observation technologies

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