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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/560

Title: Middle stone age shell beads from South Africa
Authors: Henshilwood, C
D'Errico, F
Vanhaeren, M
Van Niekerk, K
Jacobs, Z
Keywords: Human behaviour
Eggshell beads
Marine shell beads
Human biology
Issue Date: 16-Apr-2004
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Henshilwood, C, et al. 2004. Middle stone age shell beads from South Africa. Science, vol. 304(5669), pp 404
Abstract: There are two competing models for the emergence of modern human behaviour: first, a late emergence in Africa or Eurasia similar to 50 to 40 thousand years ago and second, and a gradual transition in Africa between 250 to 50 ka. The earliest undisputed African personal ornaments are 13 ostrich eggshell beads from Enkapune Ya Muto in Kenya similar to 40 ka. Evidence from Eurasia includes two perforated teeth, dated similar to 43 ka, from Bacho Kiro in Bulgaria and 58 marine shell beads from the similar to 41-ka layers of Üçagizli, Turkey.
Description: Copyright: 2004 American Association for the Advancement of Science
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/560
ISSN: 0036-8075
Appears in Collections:Mining and geoscience
General science, engineering & technology

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