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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5346

Title: Mems based valveless micropump for biomedical applications
Authors: Van der Merwe, SW
Groenwold, AA
Loveday, PW
Thiart, GD
Keywords: Micropump
Valveless
Jeffery-Hamel flow
Buckingham-Pi theorem
Applied mechanics
SACAM 2010
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Publisher: SACAM 2010
Citation: Van der Merwe, SW, Groenwold, AA, Loveday, PW and Thiart, GD. 2010. Mems based valveless micropump for biomedical applications. Seventh South African Conference on Computational and Applied Mechanics (SACAM10), Pretoria, 10-13 January 2010
Series/Report no.: Workflow request;7640
Abstract: The valveless micropump holds great potential for the biomedical community in applications such as drug delivery systems, blood glucose monitoring, and many others. In this paper, the authors investigate the characteristics of a planar diffuser/nozzle based micropump using detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses. The significant parameters are determined using the Buckingham-Pi theorem. In part based on this, the shape of the diffuser and the nozzle of the micropump, as well as the piezoelectric disc oscillation frequency, are selected for numerical investigation. The influences of the determined parameters on the flow rate of the micropump are then studied using three dimensional transient CFD analyses. The data from the CFD analyses are compared to velocity profiles from Jeffery-Hamel flow predictions in a wedge shaped channel. Significant similarities are found between the CFD data and the Jeffery-Hamel velocity profiles, especially near the exit of the diffuser where the flow is more developed. Three different diffuser geometries are simulated at three different frequencies. The flow rate and direction of flow are shown to be highly sensitive to inlet and outlet diffuser shapes, with the absolute flow rate varying by as much as 200% for the geometrical perturbations studied. Entrance losses at both the diffuser inlet and nozzle inlet appear to dominate the flow resistance at extremely laminar flow conditions with an average Reynolds number of Reaverage ˜ 500.
Description: Seventh South African Conference on Computational and Applied Mechanics (SACAM10), Pretoria, 10-13 January 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5346
Appears in Collections:Laser physics and technology
Advanced mathematical modelling and simulation
General science, engineering & technology

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