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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5140

Title: Measuring surface current velocities in the Agulhas region with ASAR
Authors: Rouault, MJ
Mouche, A
Collard, F
Johannessen, JA
Chapron, B
Keywords: Agulhas Current
Radar surface current velocities
Doppler shift method
Current variability
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Citation: Rouault, MJ, Mouche, A, Collard, F, et al. 2010. Measuring surface current velocities in the Agulhas region with ASAR. ESA's publication division. Frascati, January 2010, pp. 8pp
Series/Report no.: Workflow;7045
Abstract: Surface current information collected over the Agulhas Current region and derived from the Doppler centroid anomalies of the Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) are examined. The sources of errors and potential use of the radar surface velocities for oceanographic research in the Agulhas Current are assessed. Comparisons between radar, altimetry and surface drifters observations of the surface currents show that accurate wind fields are a strong pre-requisite to the derivation of meaningful surface current velocities from ASAR images. Innacurate wind fields induce a strong bias between the observed and radar derived surface current velocities, particularly over regions where the radar incidence angle is less than 30o. Time averaged maps of the surface radial velocities show that at large radar incidence angles, the ASAR derived velocities are able to represent the mean position and intensity of the Agulhas Current with striking accuracy. The quasi-instantaneous nature of radar acquisitions in WSM images combined to the relatively high resolution of the surface current radial velocity allow synoptic maps of the Agulhas Current core to be produced for the first time. The ability of the SAR to represent the mean circulation in the Agulhas Current proper and to capture the sub-mesoscale variability along the Agulhas Banks far exceeds that of merged altimetry measurements.
Description: ESA's publication division. Frascati, January 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5140
Appears in Collections:Earth observation
Coastal and marine systems
General science, engineering & technology

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