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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5114

Title: Predicting human epidermal melanin concentrations for different skin tones
Authors: Smit, JE
Karsten, AE
Sparrow, RW
Keywords: Human epidermal melanin
Skin
Intralipid
ASAP realistic skin model software
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Citation: Smit, JE, Karsten, AE, and Sparrow, RW. 2011. Predicting human epidermal melanin concentrations for different skin tones. South African Institute of Physics 2011 conference, Pretoria, 13-15 July 2011, pp 1pp
Series/Report no.: Workflow;6870
Abstract: In the past 50 years lasers has found numerous applications in medicine. One of their advantages is their use for minimalistic or non-invasive diagnosis and treatment. Often that means light penetration through skin and the correct dose required relies on accurate information regarding the skin’s optical properties. Light absorption in the epidermal layer is a major factor in determining the laser light fluency that reaches the deeper skin levels. Darker skin has an epidermal melanin volume fraction about twice that of lighter skin. Due to melanin absorption, fewer lasers light reach the deeper skin layers in dark skin tones. Laser-tissue interaction modelling software can correct for this by adapting the dose applied to the skin. To correctly apply such software it is important to characterise the skin in terms of skin tone with an easy and reliable method. Measuring the melanin content of the skin is the best method, but it needs to be done non-invasively. However, access to samples of all skin types is often limited and skin-like phantoms are used instead. The objective of this study is to compare experimentally measured absorption features of liquid skin-like phantoms representing Skin Types I to VI with computational simulated skin from the Realistic Skin Model (RSM) part of the ASAP® software from Breault Research. Skin-like phantoms were prepared by adding Intralipid (20% fat emulsion) to samples of increasing melanin concentration at pH ~ 7. UV-VIS transmittance spectra of the samples were measured over the wavelength range 370 to 900 nm and compared to simulated results from ASAP using the same optical parameters.
Description: South African Institute of Physics 2011 conference, Pretoria, 13-15 July 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/5114
Appears in Collections:Structural biology
General science, engineering & technology

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