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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4792

Title: Air pollution and vulnerability: solving the puzzle of prioritization
Authors: Wright, CY
Diab, R
Keywords: Air pollution
Air quality management
Vulnerable communities
Environmental health
Demographic aspects
Air pollution control
Air quality management
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: National Environmental Health Association
Citation: Wright, CY and Diab, R. 2011. Air pollution and vulnerability: solving the puzzle of prioritization. Journal of Environmental Health (Online), pp 1-18
Series/Report no.: Journal Article
Abstract: While ambient air pollution levels in excess of prescribed health standards are generally unacceptable, the exceedance is even more serious in areas where people reside. Vulnerability caused by poverty, disease, lack of education and poor living conditions exacerbates the problem. Air quality management plans identify prioritized strategies for improved air quality independent of consideration of vulnerability. A population exposure and vulnerability risk prioritization framework comprising five themes (air pollution sources and levels; air pollution potential; community awareness, observations, perceptions and actions; and vulnerability factors) was proposed and applied to the eThekwini Municipality (Durban). Data were scored according to pre-determined risk threshold values to ascertain at-risk communities. While those urban wards located in a known air pollution hotspot had the highest air pollution levels, a periurban ward with moderate exposure levels was most vulnerable. This framework will prove invaluable for the development of focussed interventions to reduce vulnerability and air pollution associated adverse health impacts.
Description: Copyright: 2011 National Environmental Health Association. This is the post print version of the article. The definitive version is published online on the Journal of Environmental Health
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4792
ISSN: 0022-0892
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
General science, engineering & technology

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