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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4648

Title: Statistical properties of mine tremor aftershocks
Authors: Kgarume, TE
Spottiswoode, SM
Durrheim, RJ
Keywords: Mine seismic events
Aftershock event rate
Aftershock density decay
Omori’s law
Geophysics
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Kgarume, TE, Spottiswoode, SM and Durrheim, RJ. 2010. Statistical properties of mine tremor aftershocks. Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 167(1/2), pp 107-117
Series/Report no.: Journal Article
Abstract: Mine tremors and their aftershocks pose a risk to mine workers in the deep gold mines of South Africa. The statistical properties of mine-tremor aftershocks were investigated as part of an endeavour to assess the hazard and manage the risk. Data from two gold mines in the Carletonville mining district were used in the analysis. Main shocks were aligned in space and time and the aftershock sequences stacked and analysed. The aftershocks were found to satisfy Gutenberg–Richter scaling, with a b value close to 1. Aftershock activity diminished with time in accordance with the modified Omori law, with p values close to 1. However, the relationship between the main shock and its biggest aftershock violated Ba°ths law, with DML & 1.9 for main shocks with ML\3 and increasing for main shocks with ML[3. The aftershock density was found to fall-off with distance as r-1.3, suggesting triggering by dynamic stress
Description: Copyright: 2010 Springer. This is the post print version of the work. The definitive version is published in Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 167(1/2), pp 107-117
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4648
ISSN: 0033-4553
Appears in Collections:Mining and geoscience
General science, engineering & technology

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