DSpace
 

Researchspace >
General science, engineering & technology >
General science, engineering & technology >
General science, engineering & technology >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4635

Title: Computational fluid dynamics model of the spinning pipe gas lens
Authors: Mafusire, C
Forbes, A
Snedden, G
Keywords: Spinning pipe gas lens
Aberrations
Beam quality
computational fluid dynamics
Optics
Photonics
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Citation: Mafusire, C, Forbes, A and Snedden, G. 2010. Computational fluid dynamics model of the spinning pipe gas lens. SPIE Optics + Photonics 2010, San Diego, California, USA, 1-5 August 2010, pp 1
Series/Report no.: POSTER
Abstract: When a metal horizontal pipe is heated and spun along its axis, a graded refractive index distribution is generated which is can be used as a lens, thus its name, the spinning pipe gas lens (SPGL). Previous experimental results of its performance were done with a Shack-Hartmann sensor. The results showed that though increase in rotation speed and/or temperature resulted in a stronger lens (increase in negative defocus) and removed distortions due to gravity (decrease in y-tilt), it also increased the size of higher order aberrations resulting in an increase in the beam quality factor (M2). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was prepared to simulate the aerodynamics that show how it operates and, in the process shed some light on the optical results. The model was based on the SPGL heated at 100 ºC operating from rest to a steady state at a speed of 20 Hz. The results consist of velocity profiles and the resultant density data and profiles. At rest the cross-sectional density profile has a vertical symmetry due to gravity but becomes rotationally symmetric with a higher value of density at the core as rotation speed increases. The longitudinal density distribution is shown to be parabolic towards the ends but is fairly uniform at the centre. The velocity profiles show that this centre is the possible source of higher order aberrations which are responsible for the deterioration of beam quality.
Description: SPIE Optics + Photonics 2010, San Diego, California, USA, 1-5 August 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4635
Appears in Collections:Laser physics and technology
General science, engineering & technology

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Mafusire_2010_P.pdf610.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Mafusire2_2010.pdf1.22 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback