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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4604

Title: Low-Cost feedstock conversion to biodiesel via ultrasound technology
Authors: Babajide, O
Petrik, L
Amigun, B
Ameer, F
Keywords: Biodiesel
Fossil-based fuels
Renewable resources
Vegetable oils
Ultrasound technology
Energies
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Babajide, O, Petrik, L, Amigun, B and Ameer, F. 2010. Low-Cost feedstock conversion to biodiesel via ultrasound technology. Energies, Vol. 3(10), pp 1639-1703
Series/Report no.: Journal Article
Abstract: Biodiesel has attracted increasing interest and has proved to be a good substitute for fossil-based fuels due to its environmental advantages and availability from renewable resources such as refined and waste vegetable oils. Several studies have shown that biodiesel is a better fuel than the fossil-derived diesel in terms of engine performance, emissions reduction, lubricity and environmental benefits. The increasing popularity of biodiesel has generated great demand for its commercial production methods, which in turn calls for the development of technically and economically sound process technologies. This paper explores the applicability of ultrasound in the optimization of low-cost feedstock – in this case waste cooking oil – in the transesterification conversion to biodiesel. It was found that the conversion efficiency of the waste oil using ultrasound was higher than with the mechanical stirring method. The optimized variables of 6:1 methanol/oil ratio at a reaction temperature of 30 °C and a reaction time of 30 min and 0.75% KOH (wt/wt) catalyst concentration was obtained for the transesterification of the waste oil via the use of ultrasound.
Description: Copyright: 2010 MDPI Publishing (Basel, Switzerland)
URI: http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/3/10/1691/pdf
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4604
ISSN: 1996-1073
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
General science, engineering & technology

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