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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4422

Title: Appearance of new taxa: invertebrates, phytoplankton and bacteria in an alkaline, saline, meteorite crater lake, South Africa
Authors: Oberholster, PJ
Botha, AM
Ashton, PJ
Keywords: Bacterial plate distribution
Benthic diatoms
Macroinvertebrates
Nodularia spumigena
Phytoplankton
Limnology
Biota communities
Lake Tswaing
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Publisher: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Citation: Oberholster, PJ, Botha, AM and Ashton, PJ. 2009. Appearance of new taxa: invertebrates, phytoplankton and bacteria in an alkaline, saline, meteorite crater lake, South Africa. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Vol. 174(3), pp 271-282
Abstract: Data generated during 12 field trips in 2006 were used to investigate possible changes in the biota communities of Lake Tswaing after a borehole was sunk in 1988/1989 near the centre of the crater lake. The Tswaing meteorite crater lake is a small (0.07 km2), shallow alkaline (surface water pH varied from 9.6 to 10.3), meromictic lake with a Secchi disk transparency of between 6 and 12 cm. The lake had a distinct surface layer of cyanobacteria (Arthrospira flusiformis), located above a layer of purple sulphur bacteria in the lake. The absence of submerged and emergent aquatic macrophytes in the lake limits habitat diversity for attached diatoms in the littoral regions. Both the numbers of families and the density of the benthic invertebrates were very low. The dominant invertebrate groups present were Nematodes, Muscidae and Hydrophilidae. Seven macroinvertebrate families were recorded, five of which are new to Lake Tswaing. In addition, the periphytic ciliate Blepharisma sp. was also observed for the first time within the land/water contact zone of Lake Tswaing. Benthic diatoms were scarce and the dominant species present was Gyrosigma rautenbachiae, while Nitzschia quadrangula was the dominant planktonic diatom, previously not recorded in the main basin of the lake. The diatom species Nitzschia communis, although in low numbers, was also not reported in previous studies of Lake Tswaing.
Description: Copyright: 2009 E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. This is the post print version. The definitive version is published in the Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Vol. 174(3), pp 271-282
URI: http://www.schweizerbart.de/resources/downloads/paper_previews/73368.pdf
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4422
ISSN: 1863-9135
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
Water resources and human health
General science, engineering & technology

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