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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4220

Title: Water. State of the environment: Issue summary
Authors: Strydom, W
Hill, L
Hobbs, P
Keywords: Water management
River systems
Groundwater
Ecological reserves
Environmental sustainability
Biodiversity conservation
Ecosystem health
Aquatic ecosystems
Issue Date: Mar-2010
Publisher: CSIR
Citation: Strydom, W, Hill, L and Hobbs, P. 2010. Water. State of the environment: Issue summary. CSIR, pp 15
Abstract: The shortfalls in water available per water management area and between river systems are alleviated through the transfer of significant volumes of water. This has a direct negative impact on the ecology of these systems, with in many cases, the ecological reserve not being met. The ecological water requirements should also be determined and implemented for all estuaries. The biggest challenge to protecting water resources, including estuaries, is the fragmentation of the managing responsibilities amongst the different national, provincial and local government agencies – some lacking in capacity and resources. The solution to the water deficit in many water management areas is not necessarily more dams and more transfer schemes, but the improvement of water conservation and water re-use activities, as well as water demand management. Groundwater is an important water resource in rural and arid areas. The understanding of the factors that impact on the sustainable utilisation of groundwater needs to improve. South Africa’s fresh water quality is rapidly declining due to increased pollution caused by industrial development, urbanisation, afforestation, mining, agriculture and power generation. The development of management plans should take cognisance of both socio-economic good (job creation, economic growth) and environmental sustainability (biodiversity conservation, ecosystem health).
Description: Copyright: 2010 CSIR
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4220
Appears in Collections:Water resources and human health
General science, engineering & technology

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