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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4209

Title: Rising costs of both sewage treatment and the production of potable water associated with increasing levels of pollution in a portion of the crocodile-west Marico water management area
Authors: Roux, SP
Oelofse, S
De Lange, W
Keywords: Water Research Council
WRC
Microbial pollution
Sediments
Water quality
Sewage treatment
Crocodile-West Marico water management area
Water pollution
Potable water
WISA 2010
Issue Date: Apr-2010
Citation: Roux, SP, Oelofse, S, and De Lange W. 2010. Rising costs of both sewage treatment and the production of potable water associated with increasing levels of pollution in a portion of the Crocodile-West Marico water management area. WISA 2010 Biennial Conference and Exhibition ICC Durban, South Africa, 18 - 22 April 2010, pp 18
Abstract: Substantial quantities of water can be made available for use if the quality of return flows is of sufficient quality or treated to the desired quality. In 2006, in the order of 50% of urban and industrial drainage were returned for re-use in urban and industrial areas such as Johannesburg and Pretoria (3). The reuse potential of return flows is however largely dependent on the quality of the return flow combined with the quality requirements of the users. The four most important water quality problems are salinity, eutrophication, microbial pollution and sediments. The results of this study clearly indicate that pollution reduces the quality and therefore the economic value of the available water in the case study area. The most measurable impact in economic terms is the analysis of the costs incurred by municipal and private entities responsible for waste water treatment and potable water purification. Technology used to treat relative good quality water less than a decade ago must now be viewed as outdated and inadequate based on the deteriorated quality of intake water. The cost of recent technology upgrades in order to continue to produce water of potable quality clearly indicates the financial impact of pollution in the study area. This investigation clearly indicates the importance of pollution prevention over attempts to control the inevitable effects of current pollution practices in this study area.
Description: WISA 2010 Biennial Conference and Exhibition ICC Durban, South Africa, 18 - 22 April 2010.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4209
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
Environmental management
Infrastructure engineering
Infrastructure systems and operations
Environmental and resource economics
General science, engineering & technology

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