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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4193

Title: Complex etiology and pathology of mycotoxic nephropathy in South African pigs
Authors: Stoev, SD
Denev, S
Dutton, MF
Njobeh, PB
Mosonik, JS
Steenkamp, PA
Petkov, I
Keywords: Mycotoxins
Mycotoxic nephropathy
Ochratoxin A
Penicillic acid
Fumonisin B1
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Mycotoxin Research
Citation: Stoev, SD, Denev, S, Dutton, MF et al. 2009. Complex etiology and pathology of mycotoxic nephropathy in South African pigs. Mycotoxin Research, Vol. 26(1), pp 31-46
Abstract: Spontaneous nephropathy in pigs seen in South Africa was found to have multi-mycotoxic etiology involving several mycotoxins such as ochratoxin A (OTA), penicillic acid (PA) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) in addition to a not yet identified mycotoxin. Contamination levels of OTA were comparatively low (67–75 µg/kg) in contrast to high contamination levels of FB1 (5,289–5,021 µg/kg) and PA (149–251 µg/kg). A heavy contamination with Gibberella fujikuroi var. moniliformis and Penicillium aurantiogriseum complex (mainly P. polonicum) was observed in the fed forages in contrast to the light contamination with Aspergillus ochraceus, P. verrucosum and P. citrinum. The pathomorphological picture of this nephropathy was found to differ from the classical description of mycotoxic porcine nephropathy as originally made in Scandinavia by the extensive vascular changes.
Description: Copyright: 2009 Mycotoxin Research. This is the authors pre-print version. The definitive version is published in the Mycotoxin Research Journal, Vol. 26(1), pp 31-46
URI: https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/21057674jg8u18v3/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=wxtk0h45vp411g55dv550haw&sh=www.springerlink.com&
ISSN: 0178-7888
Appears in Collections:Analytical science
General science, engineering & technology

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