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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4012

Title: Study on the structure and gasification characteristics of selected South African bituminous coal in fluidised bed gasification
Authors: Oboirien, BO
Engelbrecht, AD
North, DC
Du Cann, VM
Verryn, S
Falcon, R
Keywords: Bituminous coals
Inerntinite
Fluidised bed gasification
Inertinite-rich
Coal science
Vitrinite-rich coal
Char
Coal
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Citation: Oboirien BO; Engelbrecht AD et al 2009. Study on the structure and gasification characteristics of selected South African bituminous coal in fluidised bed gasification. International Conference on Coal Science and Technology (ICCS&T), Cape Town, 26-29 October 2009, pp 1-19
Abstract: The gasification characteristics of three South African bituminous coals were investigated in a bubbling fluidised bed reactor. The three coals are similar in rank, but two are inertinite-rich coals and the third has high vitrinite content. The microstructural characteristics of the parent coals and their resultant chars were determined using XRD, FTIR, Raman and petrographic analysis. The microstructural changes that occurred in the organic (maceral) and the inorganic (mineral) fractions of the selected coals were evaluated. The change in the carbon structure was correlated to the proportions of inertinite and vitrinite macerals in the coals. High vitrinite content resulted in an increase in the order of the disordered carbon structure after gasification and this lead greater graphitised ordered carbon structures. While a high inertinite content resulted in low or no structural transformation of the chemical structure. The transformation of inorganic mineral constituents of the coal was correlated to the amount of inerntinite present in the selected coals. Higher proportions of inertinite macerals and inertinitic chars resulted in higher proportions of melted minerals. This correlation could be well related to the fact that inertinites are known to burn at higher temperatures than vitrinites and for a longer time.
Description: International Conference on Coal Science and Technology (ICCS&T), Cape Town, 26-29 October 2009
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/4012
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