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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/3588

Title: Using water and sanitation as an entry point to fight poverty and respond to HIV/AIDS: the case of Isulabasha small medium enterprise
Authors: Manase, G
Nkuna, Z
Ngorima, E
Keywords: Small medium enterprise
SME
South Africa
HIV/AIDS
Poverty alleviation
Water sanitation
WASH
Job creation
Water and sanitation
Isulabasha small medium enterprise
HIV/AIDS
Chemistry
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Manase, G, Nkuna, Z and Ngorima, E. 2009. Using water and sanitation as an entry point to fight poverty and respond to HIV/AIDS: the case of Isulabasha small medium enterprise. Chemistry and Physics of the Earth, Vol. 34. pp 866–873
Abstract: South Africa is faced by a number of challenges that include low water and sanitation coverage in rural and peri-urban areas, high unemployment and increasing inequality between the rich and the poor as indicated by a Gini coefficient of 0.77; the second highest inequality in the world after Brazil. The situation is compounded by high HIV prevalence with South Africa having the largest HIV infection in the world. This case study demonstrates how water and sanitation is used as an entry point to address these major challenges and to empower communities. The project has two main components: the Small Medium Enterprise (SME) that trades in water and sanitation facilities and a community garden that ensures food security and nutrition for people living with HIV/AIDS. Income generated through these activities is ploughed back into the community through construction of sanitation facilities, maintenance of water pipes and paying school fees for orphans. In addition to creating employment, the project has also empowered the community to mobilise and address other challenges such as gender, child abuse and crime. The case study identifies weaknesses with projects designed solely to provide domestic drinking water and sanitation and calls for an integrated approach that uses water and sanitation as an entry point to unlock opportunities and empower the targeted communities. This paper explores ways through which water could be used to unlock economic opportunities as well as address HIV/AIDS in rural areas.
Description: Copyright: 2009 Elsevier. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in the journal, Chemistry and Physics of the Earth, Vol. 34. pp 866–873
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/3588
ISSN: 1474-7065
Appears in Collections:Water resources and human health
Environmental and resource economics
Rural infrastructure and services
General science, engineering & technology

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