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Title:  Role of energy conservation and vacuum energy in the evolution of the universe 
Authors:  Greben, JM 
Keywords:  Energy conservation Vacuum energy Dark energy Classical vacuum energy Linear expansion of the Universe Dark matter 
Issue Date:  Jun2010 
Publisher:  Springer 
Citation:  Greben, JM. 2010. Role of energy conservation and vacuum energy in the evolution of the Universe. Foundations of Science, Vol. 15(2), pp 153176 
Abstract:  The author discusses a new theory of the universe in which the vacuum energy is classical origin and dominates the energy content of the universe. As usual, the Einstein equations determine the metric of the universe. However, the scale factor is controlled by total energy conservation in contrast to the practice in the RobertsonWalker formulation. This theory naturally leads to an explanation for the Big Bang and is not plagued by the horizon and cosmological constant problem. It naturally accommodates the notion of dark energy and proposes a possible explanation for dark matter. It leads to a dual description of the universe, which is reminiscent of the dual theory proposed by Milne in 1937. On the one hand one can describe the universe in terms of the original Einstein coordinates in which the universe is expanding, on the other hand one can describe it in terms of comoving coordinates which feature in measurements. In the latter representation the universe looks stationary and the age of the universe appears constant. The paper describes the evolution of this universe. It starts out in a classical state with perfect symmetry and zero entropy. Due to the vacuum metric the effective energy density is infinite at the beginning, but diminishes rapidly. Once it reaches the Planck energy density of elementary particles, the formation of particles can commence. Because of the quantum nature of creation and annihilation processes spatial and temporal inhomogeneities appear in the matter distributions, resulting in residual proton (neutron) and electron densities. Hence, quantum uncertainty plays an essential role in the creation of a diversified complex universe with increasing entropy. It thus seems that quantum fluctuations play a role in cosmology similar to that of random mutations in biology. Other analogies to biological principles, such as recapitulation, are also discussed 
Description:  Author Posting. Copyright Springer, 2010. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version is published in Foundations of Science, Vol. 15(2), pp 153176 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/10204/3383 http://www.springerlink.com/content/x15h280k24l6u271/fulltext.pdf 
ISSN:  12331821 
Appears in Collections:  Logistics and quantitative methods General science, engineering & technology

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