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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2630

Title: Borehole radar as a tool to optimise mine layouts and production
Authors: Mafiri, MT
Nyareli, T
Ngwenya, B
Vogt, D
Keywords: Borehole radar
Mines
Geometry
Issue Date: Nov-2008
Publisher: CSIR
Citation: Mafiri, MT, Nyareli, T, Ngwenya, B and Vogt, D. 2008. Borehole radar as a tool to optimise mine layouts and production. Science real and relevant: 2nd CSIR Biennial Conference, CSIR International Convention Centre Pretoria, 17 & 18 November 2008, pp 1
Abstract: The major gold and platinum deposits of South Africa occur in the Witwatersrand Basin (gold) and Bushveld Complex (platinum) (Henning et al., 1994; Carr et al., 1994; Cawthorn, 1999). While the origins and geology of the two structures have almost nothing in common, the resulting orebodies, known locally as reefs, share a number of physical similarities: They are thin, typically centimetres to a metre thick; they are shallow dipping, typically with dips of 5° to 30°; they are of great lateral extent; and they are tabular in geometry. In both cases, the reefs appear flat on a regional scale, but have significant topography on a local scale. Bushveld platinum mines are disrupted by potholes and iron-rich ultramafic pegmatite bodies (IRUPs), gold mines by rolls and channels, and both face the geological challenges of faults, joints and dykes. Figure 1 shows a convention mine layout that still dominates the gold and platinum industries, however, some mines are now mechanised. The overall mine layout can be designed from an understanding of the regional geology. Originally, this came from drilling, but it is now mostly from 3D seismic surveys that are limited by low resolution. When it comes to the actual mining of the reef higher resolution is required, and borehole radar (BHR) can offer the higher resolution
Description: Science real and relevant: 2nd CSIR Biennial Conference, CSIR International Convention Centre Pretoria, 17 & 18 November 2008
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/2630
ISBN: 978-0-7988-5573-0
Appears in Collections:Command control and information warfare
Mining and geoscience
Radar and electronic warfare systems
CSIR Conference 2008
General science, engineering & technology

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