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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1547

Title: Failure of rural schemes in South Africa to provide potable water
Authors: Mackintosh, G
Colvin, C
Keywords: Rural water provision failures
Potable water
South Africa
Environmental sciences
Rural drinking water quality
Issue Date: May-2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Citation: Mackintosh, G, Colvin, C. 2003. Failure of rural schemes in South Africa to provide potable water. Environmental Geology, vol 44(1), pp 101-105
Abstract: The impact of water-borne disease in South Africa is significant. An estimated 43,000 deaths per annum, including 20% of deaths in the 1-5 years age group, are directly attributable to diarrhoeal diseases. Drinking water quality provision in many rural areas is substandard. This paper describes the results of sampling drinking water supplies in rural communities in the Western and Eastern Cape, South Africa. The majority of samples collected failed microbial drinking water quality standards. Overall, schemes dependent on groundwater provided worse quality water at point of use than surface-water-dependant schemes. This is thought to be the result of pump breakdown, deterioration of the storage and reticulation system, and insufficient monitoring and management of the schemes. Importantly, it is shown that the implementation of well-considered, community accepted drinking-water quality management procedures can effectively change an unacceptable water quality to one that satisfies drinking-water specifications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1547
ISSN: 0943-0105
Appears in Collections:Water resources and human health
General science, engineering & technology

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