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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1487

Title: Effect of the rock properties on mining-induced seismicity around the Ventersdorp contact reef, Witwatersrand basin, South Africa
Authors: Milev, AM
Spottiswoode, SM
Keywords: Mining induced seismicity
Quartzite conglomerate
Geotechnical areas
Ventersdrop contact reef - South Africa
Rock engineering
Mining technology
Issue Date: Jan-2002
Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag AG
Citation: Milev, AM and Spottiswoode, SM. 2002. Effect of the rock properties on mining-induced seismicity around the Ventersdorp contact reef, Witwatersrand basin, South Africa. Pure Appiled Geophysics, vol 159, 3 January, pp 165-177
Abstract: The Ventersdorp Contact Reef is characterised by a variety of different rock types that are found above and below the reef in different mining areas. These variations in the host rock type have been classified into six main geotechnical areas. Knowledge of the difference in seismicity related to these geotechnical areas could influence the design of deep level stopes and optimise the support systems. In this study, the total seismicity was evaluated using the relationship between the cumulative seismic moment and volume of convergence. 300,000 seismic events occurred at various mining areas. The seismicity generated in areas with different mining conditions and geology has been compared. Special attention was paid to evaluate the difference in seismicity associated with different geotechnical classifications. The following variations were found; geotechnical areas with soft lava hangingwall and quartzite-conglomerate footwall are less active than the geotechnical areas with hard lava hangingwall and quartzite-conglomerate footwall. Geotechnical areas with soft lava hangingwall and Jeppestown Shale footwall are less active than geotechnical areas with soft lava hangingwall and quartzite-conglomerate footwall. However geotechnical areas with hard lava hangingwall and quartzite-conglomerate footwall and hard lava hangingwall and Booysen's Shale footwall at Western Deep Levels-South Mine do not indicate differences in the associated seismicity. Variations in the properties of the different types of quartzite forming the footwall at Deelkraal, Elandsrand, Mponeng, East Driefontein and Kloof Gold Mines do not appear to influence the level of seismicity
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1487
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1487
ISSN: 0033-4553
Appears in Collections:Mining and geoscience
General science, engineering & technology

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