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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1483

Title: Comparative investigation of micro-flaw models for the simulation of brittle fracture in rock
Authors: Sellers, E
Napier, J
Keywords: Brittle rock fractures
Growth simulation
Micro - flaw models
Tessellation approaches
Micromechanical mechanisms
Discontinuity interaction
Macroscopic failure patterns
Issue Date: Jul-1997
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Citation: Sellers, E and Napier, J. 1997. A comparative investigation of micro-flaw models for the simulation of brittle fracture in rock. Computational Mechanics, vol 20, 02 January, pp 164-169
Abstract: The search for a numerical method to model fracture formation around deep level gold mine excavations had led to the development of the DIGS (Discontinuity Interaction and Growth Simulation) boundary element code to simulate the incremental growth of fractures. However, the need to develop constitutive models of basic failure processes resulted in the adoption of a tessellation approach to simulate grain interaction and breakage. Linear variation displacement discontinuity elements are arranged in structures which simulate the microstructure of the rock by applying either a Voronoi (polygonal) or Delaunay (triangular) tessellation procedure. The tessellation approach has been applied to investigate the role of micromechanical mechanisms such as pre-existing pores and sliding flaws on the macroscopic failure patterns at a scale that is representative of realistic rock microstructures. Procedures for calculating the crack density tensors and the average stress and strain in a sample permit comparison of the results with alternative models of brittle fracture such as continuum damage mechanics. Simulations of laboratory tests have revealed that the tessellation approach can represent experimentally observed macroscopic failure modes such as splitting in uniaxial compression and shear band formation in biaxial compression, as well as the dependence of strength and inelastic deformation on the flaw density.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1483
ISSN: 0178-7675
Appears in Collections:Mining and geoscience
General science, engineering & technology

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