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dc.contributor.author Emberson, LD en_US
dc.contributor.author Ashmore, MR en_US
dc.contributor.author Murray, F en_US
dc.contributor.author Kuylenstierna, JCI en_US
dc.contributor.author Percy, KE en_US
dc.contributor.author Izuta, T en_US
dc.contributor.author Zheng, Y en_US
dc.contributor.author Shimizu, H en_US
dc.contributor.author Sheu, BH en_US
dc.contributor.author Liu, CP en_US
dc.contributor.author Agrawal, M en_US
dc.contributor.author Wahid, A en_US
dc.contributor.author Abdel-Latif, NM en_US
dc.contributor.author Van Tienhoven, M en_US
dc.contributor.author de Bauer, LI en_US
dc.contributor.author Domingos, M en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-01-12T13:30:54Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-07T10:05:18Z
dc.date.available 2007-01-12T13:30:54Z en_US
dc.date.available 2007-06-07T10:05:18Z
dc.date.issued 2001 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Emberson, LD, et al. 2001. Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol 130, 4 January, pp 107-118 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0049-6979 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1412 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1412
dc.description.abstract The predicted increases in emissions of primary pollutants in many rapidly industrializing countries may have severe consequences for the health and productivity of forest trees and agricultural crops. A review of air pollution and its impact on vegetation in developing countries is presented by summarising information describing the direct impacts to vegetation caused by a number of air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM)). The information has been collected by experts from a number of rapidly industrializing countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa and includes observations of visible injury in the field and the use of transect studies and controlled experimental investigations to ascribe damage to different pollutant concentrations. The ability to synthesise this information to define exposure-response relationships and subsequent air quality guidelines similar to those established in North America and Europe is assessed. In addition, the use of regional and global models describing pollution concentrations is discussed with reference to assessing the extent of adverse impacts and identifying regions likely to be most at risk from air pollution, both for the present day and in the future. The evidence summarised in the paper clearly shows that current pollutant concentrations experienced in many developing countries, particularly Asia, can result in severe damage to vegetation and that without appropriate control measures such damage is likely to worsen in the future as pollutant emissions increase. en_US
dc.format.extent 1080241 bytes en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers en_US
dc.rights Copyright: 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers en_US
dc.subject Gaseous air pollution en_US
dc.subject Vegetation effects en_US
dc.subject Hazardous emissions en_US
dc.subject Developing countries en_US
dc.subject Environmental sciences en_US
dc.subject Atmospheric sciences en_US
dc.title Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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