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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1412

Title: Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries
Authors: Emberson, LD
Ashmore, MR
Murray, F
Kuylenstierna, JCI
Percy, KE
Izuta, T
Zheng, Y
Shimizu, H
Sheu, BH
Liu, CP
Agrawal, M
Wahid, A
Abdel-Latif, NM
Van Tienhoven, M
de Bauer, LI
Domingos, M
Keywords: Gaseous air pollution
Vegetation effects
Hazardous emissions
Developing countries
Environmental sciences
Atmospheric sciences
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Citation: Emberson, LD, et al. 2001. Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol 130, 4 January, pp 107-118
Abstract: The predicted increases in emissions of primary pollutants in many rapidly industrializing countries may have severe consequences for the health and productivity of forest trees and agricultural crops. A review of air pollution and its impact on vegetation in developing countries is presented by summarising information describing the direct impacts to vegetation caused by a number of air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM)). The information has been collected by experts from a number of rapidly industrializing countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa and includes observations of visible injury in the field and the use of transect studies and controlled experimental investigations to ascribe damage to different pollutant concentrations. The ability to synthesise this information to define exposure-response relationships and subsequent air quality guidelines similar to those established in North America and Europe is assessed. In addition, the use of regional and global models describing pollution concentrations is discussed with reference to assessing the extent of adverse impacts and identifying regions likely to be most at risk from air pollution, both for the present day and in the future. The evidence summarised in the paper clearly shows that current pollutant concentrations experienced in many developing countries, particularly Asia, can result in severe damage to vegetation and that without appropriate control measures such damage is likely to worsen in the future as pollutant emissions increase.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1412
http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1412
ISSN: 0049-6979
Appears in Collections:Pollution and waste
General science, engineering & technology

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