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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1180

Title: Shoreline accretion and sand transport at groynes inside the Port of Richards Bay.
Authors: Schoonees, JS
Theron, AK
Bevis, D
Keywords: Richards Bay
Sand transport
Shoreline accretion
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V
Citation: Schoonees, JS, Theron, AK and Bevis, D. 2006. Shoreline accretion and sand transport at groynes inside the Port of Richards Bay. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 53(12), pp 1045-1058.
Abstract: The south-western shoreline along the entrance channel inside the Port of Richards Bay has experienced continued erosion. Four groynes were constructed to stabilise the shoreline. Monitoring of shoreline evolution provided valuable data on the accretion adjacent to two of the groynes and on the sediment transport rates at these groynes. Tides, beach slopes, winds, wave climate, current regime, and sand grain sizes were documented. The one site is “moderately protected” from wave action while the other is “protected” according to the Wiegel (1964) classification. The shoreline accreted progressively at the two groynes at 0.065 m/day and 0.021 m/day respectively. The shorelines accreted right up to the most seaward extremity of the groynes. Equilibrium shorelines were reached within about 3.5 years to 4 years, which compare well with other sites around the world. The mean wave incidence angle is large and was found to be about 22°. The median sand grain sizes were 0.33 mm and 0.37 mm. The groynes acted as total traps, the beach surveys were extended to an adequate depth, and cross-shore sediment transport did not cause appreciable net sand losses into the entrance channel. The net longshore transport rate along the study area, which is north-westbound, is only slightly lower than the gross longshore transport. The actual net longshore transport rates are 18 000 m3/year and 4 600 m3/year respectively at the two groynes. A rocky area limits the availability of sand at one groyne. There is fair agreement between the predicted and measured longshore transport rates at the other groyne.
Description: Copyright: 2006 Elsevier Science B.V
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10204/1180
ISSN: 0378-3839
Appears in Collections:Coastal and marine systems
General science, engineering & technology

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