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Advantages of Bacillus-based probiotics in poultry production

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dc.contributor.author Ramlucken, U
dc.contributor.author Lallo, Rajesh
dc.contributor.author Roets, Yrielle
dc.contributor.author Moonsamy, Ghaneshree
dc.contributor.author Jansen van Rensburg, C
dc.contributor.author Thantsha, MS
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-05T09:13:03Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-05T09:13:03Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11
dc.identifier.citation Ramlucken, U. et al. 2020. Advantages of Bacillus-based probiotics in poultry production. Livestock Science, vol. 241 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1871-1413
dc.identifier.issn 1878-0490
dc.identifier.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141320300500
dc.identifier.uri doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2020.104215
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/11599
dc.description Copyright: 2020 Elsevier. This is a pre-print version. The definitive version of the work is published in Livestock Science, vol. 241: doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2020.104215 en_US
dc.description.abstract Broiler chicken production is one of the most lucrative food production industries globally because of the demand for poultry products. Stringent regulations pertaining to the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) in livestock production coupled with the changing consumer trends in terms of an increase in the consumption of AGP-free meat pose a challenge to the poultry industry. Probiotics, specifically from the genus Bacillus, are emerging as a feasible solution to address this challenge because their spore-forming capabilities afford them several advantages over conventional probiotics. Success of these organisms has been attributed to their possession of a myriad of mechanisms that elicit probiotic effects, including among others, competitive exclusion of common poultry pathogens, improvement in digestion and absorption via the production of exogenous enzymes, improvement of intestinal morphology, immunomodulation, and the reduction of toxic compounds such as ammonia and aflatoxins. These effects reportedly reduce disease and mortality, improve feed efficiency up to 5%, enhance health, and assist in the environmental sustainability of poultry production. Bacillus spp. are easily isolated from environments and have up to 100% survivability in the harsh conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. Besides these important considerations, the key advantage for the use of Bacilli as feed probiotics is their robust nature pertaining to industrial production because of the high-density spore production, spores can be produced in excess of 1 × 10(sup11) spores mL(sup-1). Furthermore spores can retain approximately 90% viability during the probiotic harvesting process. In addition, these spores remain stable at a concentration of 1 × 10(sup9) spores mL(sup-1) when formulated into probiotic products, with a shelf life potential of 5 yr. Furthermore, spores retain their viability through the poultry feed manufacturing process. This review focuses on the unique beneficial characteristics of Bacillus spp. in both the production process of a viable probiotic product and the application thereof in the poultry industry. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Workflow;23782
dc.subject Bacillus en_US
dc.subject Probiotics en_US
dc.subject Broiler chickens en_US
dc.subject Industrial applications en_US
dc.title Advantages of Bacillus-based probiotics in poultry production en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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